‘Mise-en-scene’ is a French term that mean ‘putting into the scene’ and when it is applied to cinema it refers to all the elements that the viewer sees in each shot (Bordwell & Thompson 2004, p.176). These elements are generally tightly controlled and pre-planned by the director, although naturally there may sometimes be elements in a shot that are spontaneous/uncontrollable (especially if shooting on location as opposed to in a studio). Many other people work on aspects of the mise-en-scene apart from the director – the cinematographer & production designer being two examples. Important aspects of mise-en-scene include:

–       Setting (location, props)

–       Lighting

–       Composition (angle, framing, colour)


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